The Travels of Sir John Mandeville were edited anony- mously in. , in the version for which a ‘Cotton’ manuscript in the British. Museum is our only extant. I Viaggi di Sir John Mandeville Los Viajes de Sir John Mandeville Die Reisen des Ritters John Mandeville. Type. Manuscript. Extent / Format. 32 pages / x. CHAPTER XXIX. OF THE COUNTRIES AND ISLES THAT BE BEYOND THE LAND OF CATHAY; AND OF THE FRUITS THERE; AND OF TWENTY-TWO KINGS.
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Siste gradum properans, requiescit Mandevil urna, Hic humili; norunt et monumental mori Lo, in this Inn of travellers doth lie, One rich in nothing but in memory; His name was Sir John Mandeville; content, Having seen much, with a small continent, Toward which he travelled ever since his birth, And at last pawned his body for ye earth Which by a statute must in mortgage be, Till a Redeemer come to set it free.
But to this question, I shall answer; that sea of Caspian goeth out by land under the mountains, and runneth by the desert at one side of the country, and after it stretcheth unto the ends of Persia, and although it be clept a sea, it is no sea, ne it toucheth to none other sea, but it is a lake, the greatest of the world; and though they would put them into that sea, they ne wist never where that they should arrive; and also they can no language but only their own, that no man knoweth but they; and therefore may they not go out.
Of the royalty of his palace, and how he sits at meat; and of the great number of officers that serve him.
Of the age of Our Lady. He was English, from Saint-Alban, in he had to escape to Egypt after he killed a man in duel.
The book may contain facts and knowledge acquired by actual travels and residence in the East, at least in the section which treats of the Holy Land and the ways of getting thither, of Egypt, and in general of the Levant.
From there, he is supposed to have continued with his expedition into the Middle East, to India, China, Africa, the island world of the Indian Ocean, and finally into increasingly exotic domains of the world.
Travels of Sir John Mandeville
Warner [b] has suggested that de Bourgogne may be a certain Johan de Bourgoyne, who was pardoned by parliament on 20 August for having taken part in the attack on the Despensers Hugh the younger and Hugh the elderbut whose pardon was revoked in Maythe year in which “Mandeville” professes to have left England.
And of their ribs and of the pens of their wings, men make bows, full strong, to shoot with arrows and quarrels. And after, is there yet a land all desert, where men may find no water, neither for digging ne for none other thing. If you look for an example of fabulous and imaginative work, you will find the travels.
The meaning may be simply “of Magneville “, de Magneville; but the family of a 14th-century bishop of Nevers were called both “Mandevilain” and “de Mandevilain”, where Mandevilain seems a derivative place-name, meaning the Magneville or Mandeville district.
Travels of Sir John of Mandeville
Mandeville, whilst swelling the wonders of the tale with a variety of extravagant touches, appears to safeguard himself from the reader’s possible discovery that mandevllle was stolen by the interpolation: In his preface, the compiler calls himself a knight, and states that he was born and bred in England, in the town of St Albans.
At least part of the personal history of Mandeville is mere invention. The remorse drove him to the Holy Land, the first part of his book is a description of his journey to the real life scenarios of Jesus.
That a chance remark of the latter caused the renewal of their old Cairo acquaintance, and that Ad Barbam, after showing his medical skill on Mandeville, urgently begged him to write his travels; “and so at length, by his advice and help, monitu et adiutoriowas composed this treatise, of which I had certainly proposed to write nothing until at least I had reached my own parts in England”.
After studying law at the University of Paris, Langhe returned to the abbey and was elected abbot in And when they had said so, upon the gracious trust of God and of them, we caused mass to be sung, and made every man to be shriven and houselled ; and then we entered fourteen persons; but at our going out we were but nine”,  etc.
And of the monks that gave their relief to baboons, apes, and marmosets, and to other beasts. But this cannot be true at all, for no place for putting in the wheat can be found there”.
That one came in who was more venerable than the others by reason of his age and white hairs, was evidently expert in his art, and was commonly called Magister Iohannes ad Barbam.
In doing so, he not only made use of his own, presumably realistic experiences, but also numerous sources from historiography and literaturee. He was a prolific writer and avid collector of travelogues, right up to his death in It was reproduced in more than copies in ten languages and was spread all over Occident that the Earth was spherical.
John Mandeville – Wikipedia
They created fantastic scenery from new pictorial inventions, surrounded by fine ornamental gothic tendrils and with opulent gold on every page. And yet they yield tribute for that land to the Manxeville of Amazonia, the which that maketh them to be kept in close full diligently, that they shall not go out on no side but by the coast of their land; for their mandevikle marcheth to those mountains.
The dyed manuscripts required a longer process of elaboration and were considerably more expensive than the conventional ones. And wherefore the emperor of Ind is clept Prester John. Columbus was to make use of some of the same monsters in “India” that Mandeville did with the intention of winning the support of the king.
In that country be many griffins, more plenty than in any other country. A royal manuscript from the early 15th century with one of the most fascinating texts of the Middle Ages: And though it happen some of them by fortune to go out, they can no manner of language but Hebrew, so that they cannot speak to the people.