Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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Children of indigenous parents are much less likely to be classified as indigenous according to language proficiency, especially when their parents have higher levels of educational attainment. Critics charge that the multicultural agenda enacted by governments throughout Latin America including Mexico only includes the protection of a limited set of cultural rights, and leaves existing power relations laa socioeconomic disparities unchanged Hale ; Speed A similar pattern is found across generations: Etnicidad y Clase Media.
Muere Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo mexicano defensor de los derechos indígenas
It is therefore surprising that when people are allowed greater freedom to choose their own ethnic identification and that of their children they more frequently choose to identify as indigenous.
Economic Development and Cultural Change. First, with regards to language proficiency, the questionnaire asks whether each household resident speaks an indigenous language and if so, which rodolfk.
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Where the respondent chooses to draw the line for him or herself as well as for any children for whom he or she is answering the questionnaire, is extremely subjective and amenable to purposeful interpretation. Provide feedback about this page.
Such criteria are used to distinguish what are often referred to as rodolfoo groups rather than racial categories, although some scholars prefer not to separate these two concepts e. Indigenous parents with higher levels of education were hypothesized to be more exposed to the new multicultural agenda promoted by the Mexican state.
Support Center Support Center. For many white Americans ethnicity is a cultural resource devoid of the traditional social underpinnings, such as strong ties to co-ethnics and insertion into a web of social obligations. Much of this literature has focused specifically on language shift among U. Ethnic and Racial Etnjca. Ethnic Relations in Southeastern Mexico.
Ethnic categorization in Indo-Latin American countries such as Mexico has been less studied using survey data.
Children under the age of 5 may not yet have a well-established ethnic identification. Many other censuses and household surveys worldwide, including the U. Yet we do not know the extent to which such movement is affected by socioeconomic status. Children of indigenous parents growing up in predominantly indigenous communities are expected to have higher odds of rodolffo an indigenous language and identifying as indigenous since they will be more frequently in contact with other members stavenhagenn the same indigenous group.
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The long-form questionnaire of the census collects information regarding both indigenous language proficiency and indigenous proxy self-identification. Fortunately, the Mexican census identifies the informant in each household. Because individuals with higher levels of education will generally be more exposed to the multicultural message and also be more receptive to it, we may expect a greater retention of the indigenous identity among those that are more educated.
He suggests that rural residents are less likely to shift to the dominant language than urban dwellers because they are more isolated. A substantial body of research in the sociology of language has examined the factors associated with minority language loss across generations.
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Contesting Citizenship in Latin America: Indigenous Peoples and the State in Latin America: In this paper I have examined the ethnic boundary crossing process in the specific context of Mexico. Having a mother who speaks an indigenous language is chestion strongly associated with higher odds that a child will also speak the language than having a father who speaks an indigenous language the difference is statistically significant.
Once again, the disadvantage of children classified as indigenous according to language proficiency is much larger than that faced by those classified as indigenous based on proxy self-identification, suggesting that language proficiency etnicw a better measure of disadvantage the difference duestion statistically significant at the. This is approximately the coefficient we would observe for the child if indigenous identity was completely determined by ancestry.
However, cestion of mothers who speak an indigenous language are significantly more disadvantaged than cuesstion of stavengagen who only identify themselves as indigenous.
Samples are restricted to cases where the mother or father is the census informant. Francis and Tannuri-Pianto find evidence of a shift in the racial identification of students applying to a major Brazilian university following the implementation of a quota system whereby 20 percent of admission slots were reserved for applicants who self-identify as black negro.
In these models the probability that a child is classified as indigenous is assumed to be a linear function of the set of predictors. The Dignity of Working Men: Most importantly for our purposes, research on language retention among second generation immigrants in the U.
Because of the ambiguity in racial and ethnic classification in Latin America, the region provides an important setting in which to study social boundaries.