Results 1 – 30 of 74 Armas, gérmenes y acero by Jared Diamond and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at Armas, germenes y acero/ Guns, Germs and Steel by Jared Diamond, , available at Book Depository with free delivery. Also by Jared Diamond · Colapso: Por qué unas sociedades perduran y otras desaparecen / Collapse: How So cieties. See all books by Jared.
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Institute of Historical Research. Smaller domesticable animals such as dogs, cats, chickens, and guinea pigs may be valuable in various ways to an agricultural society, but will not be adequate in themselves to sustain large-scale agrarian society.
He has tremendously distorted the role of domestication and agriculture in that history. Norton in March Retrieved November 20, Kate Benjamin and Jackson Galaxy. Books by Jared Diamond. How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeedfocuses on environmental and other factors that have caused some populations to fail.
Due to the Anna Karenina principlesurprisingly few animals are suitable for domestication. Others think it was brought from the Americas by Columbus and his successors: Other critiques have been made over the author’s position on the agricultural revolution.
Large societies develop ruling classes and supporting bureaucracieswhich in turn lead to the organization of nation-states and empires. The book’s title is a reference to the means by which farm-based societies conquered populations of other areas and maintained dominance, despite sometimes being vastly outnumbered — superior weapons provided immediate military superiority guns ; Eurasian diseases weakened and reduced local populations, who had no immunity, making it easier to maintain control over them germs ; and durable means of transport steel enabled imperialism.
Scholars examined the impact of geography, climate, and land use. Many were killed by infectious diseases such as smallpox and measles.
Europe’s many natural barriers allowed the development of competing nation-states. Diamond identifies six criteria including the animal being sufficiently docile, gregarious, willing to breed in captivity and having a social dominance hierarchy. Australia and North America suffered from a lack of useful animals due to extinctionprobably by human hunting, shortly after the end of the Pleistocenewhilst the only domesticated animals in New Guinea came from the East Asian mainland during the Austronesian settlement some 4,—5, years ago.
From Iguala to Chicago. Retrieved August 23, Looking for More Great Reads?
Instead, the author concludes that because there was no sophisticated division of labor, private property rights, and monetary exchange, societies like that on Easter Island could never progress from the nomadic stage to a complex society.
Acerp in Touch Sign up. Read it Forward Read it first. How was it then that diseases native to the American continents did not kill off Europeans? Still others, he says, “have been decimated, subjugated, and in some cases even exterminated by European colonialists. The book attempts to explain grrmenes Eurasian and North African civilizations have survived and conquered others, while arguing against the idea that Eurasian hegemony is due to any form of Eurasian intellectualmoralor inherent genetic superiority.
Jared Diamond on Geography as Power”. Archived from the original on May 27, La domesticacion de los animales y el cultivo de plantas silvestres en China, Mesoamerica y otras zonas duamond otorgaron una ventaja inicial a los habitantes de esas regiones.
Natural selection forced Eurasians to develop immunity to a wide range of pathogens. Similar circumstances were observed in the History of Australia and in History of South Africa.
Hace trece mil anos la evolucion de las distintas sociedades humanas comenzo a tomar rumbos diferentes.
Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Threats posed by immediate neighbours ensured governments that suppressed economic and technological progress soon corrected their mistakes or were outcompeted relatively quickly, whilst the region’s leading powers changed over time.
Endemic infectious diseases were also barriers to European colonisation of Southeast Asia and New Guinea. As farmers do the work of providing food, division of labor allows others freedom to pursue other functions, such as mining and literacy.
Guns, Germs, and Steel – Wikipedia
En este libro, el profesor Jared Diamond demuestra que la diversidad cultural hunde sus raices en las diferencias geograficas, ecologicas y territoriales ligadas a cada caso concreto, y analiza como evoluciono la humanidad y por que unos pueblos avanzaron hacia la civilizacion mientras que otros se quedaron estancados. When cultural or genetic differences have favored Eurasians for example, written language or the development among Eurasians of resistance to endemic diseaseshe asserts that these advantages occurred because of the influence of geography on societies and cultures for example, by facilitating commerce and trade between different cultures and were not inherent in the Eurasian genomes.
The plentiful supply of food and the dense populations that it supported made division of labor possible. Diamond identifies a mere 14 domesticated large mammal species worldwide.
Armas, germenes y acero/ Guns, Germs and Steel : Jared Diamond :
Retrieved February 16, Guns, Germs, and Steel argues that cities require an ample supply of food, and thus are dependent on agriculture. In the s, the Annales School in France undertook the study of long-term historical structures by using a synthesis of geography, history, and sociology. Its large area provided it with more plant and animal species suitable for domestication, and allowed its people to exchange both innovations and diseases.
He believes this is due to these societies’ technologic and immunologic advantages, stemming from the early rise of agriculture after the last Ice Age.
Armas, germenes y acero/ Guns, Germs and Steel
Unleashing the Forces Within. Diamond posits that the most of these diseases were only developed and sustained in large dense populations in qrmas and cities; he also states most epidemic diseases evolve from similar diseases of domestic animals. LitFlash The eBooks you want at the lowest prices. Harvard International Relations IR scholar Stephen Walt called the book “an exhilarating read” and put it on a list hared the ten books every IR student should read.
Armas, germenes y acero / Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
Its east-west orientation allowed breeds domesticated in one part of the continent to be used elsewhere through similarities in climate and the cycle of seasons. Archived from the original on The Americas had difficulty adapting crops domesticated at one latitude for use at other latitudes and, in North America, adapting crops from one side of the Rocky Mountains to the other.
Although agriculture arose in several parts of the world, Eurasia gained an early advantage due to the greater availability of suitable plant and animal species for domestication. Give Yourself the Gift of Done.