: Propagandes () by Jacques Ellul and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great. Introduction. Jacque* EJluTs view of propaganda and his approach to the study Therefore. Ellul distinguishes various fonrts of propaganda and calls his book. 13 quotes from Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes: ‘To the extent that propaganda is based on current news, it cannot permit time for thought o.
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The great role performed by propaganda is in its ability to give the people the involvement they crave or the illusion of it in order for the masses to be artificially satisfied.
Information allows us to evaluate our situation feel our own personal problems are a general social problem thus enabling propaganda to entice us into social and political action. A man caught up in the news must remain on the surface of the event; be is carried along in the current, and can at no time take a respite to judge and appreciate; he can never stop to reflect.
Propaganda must also attach itself to the pre-existing fundamental currents of the society it seeks to influence. Thus he is caught up in a movement that develops until it totally occupies the breadth of his conscience.
HarperCollins, As translated, this quote reads in part: He even recopied two direct Ellul quotes from his retreat notes: Sociological propaganda creates an indisputable criterion for the individual to make judgments of good and evil according to the order of the individual’s way of life.
Propaganda is forced to build on those presuppositions and to express these myths, for without them nobody would listen to it.
Ellul and Merton | | The International Jacques Ellul Society
Several events have occurred that have furthered propaganda by increasing its ability in depth and discovering new methods. Propaganda uses public opinion to externalize inner opinions of the organization to the masses that eventually produces conformity. The individual is propaganves no means just an innocent victim of propaganda when in fact he provokes the psychological action of propaganda by not merely lending himself to it, but also from deriving satisfaction from it.
It is crucial that the individual is never considered as an individual but always in terms of what he has in common with others.
The creation of normalcy in our society can take one of two shapes. Essentially sociological propaganda aims to increase conformity with the environment that is of a collective nature by developing compliance with or defense of the established order through long term penetration and progressive adaptation by using all social currents.
Ellul and Merton
Sign in with Facebook Sign in options. It is important for propaganda to be rational because modern man needs relation to facts. However, propaganda is less and less concerned with spreading the ideology nowadays as it is with becoming autonomous.
On the other hand, Merton—Trappist monk, religious writer, and social critic—did read and comment on Ellul. As these people do not possess enough knowledge to reflect and discern, they believe—or disbelieve—in toto what they read. But to talk about critical faculties and discernment is to talk about something far above primary education and to consider a very small minority.
The more they listen to their propaganda the stronger their beliefs and the greater their justifications for their actions. Want to Read saving….
One thought drives away another; old facts are chased by new ones. The propaganda element is the way of life with which the individual is permeated and then the individual begins to express it in film, writing, or art without realizing it. As mentioned at the outset, after reading The Technological SocietyMerton also engaged two other works by Ellul. It presents a sophisticated taxonomy for propaganda, including such paired opposites as political—sociological, vertical—horizontal, rational—irrational, and agitation—integration.
When propaganda is addressed to the crowd, it must touch each individual in that crowd which is in fact nothing but assembled individuals. Sometimes the people want to take part in government affairs.
Propaganda stresses the superiority of a democratic society while intensifying the prejudices between democratic and oppressive. Agitation propaganda is usually thought of as propaganda in that it aims to influence people to act. The individual need psychological and ideological reasons why he needs to be where he is and propaganda is the mechanism that the state uses for this very purpose. Thus, the individual is unable to accept that he cannot form opinion on his own prkpagandes is jacqies between his desire and his inability.
In Ellul’s view, there is a “double foray on the part of propaganda that proves the excellence of one group and the evilness of another at the same time to create partitioning”.
Yet the people are incapable of making long term policy so opinion must be created to follow the government because the government cannot be led by opinion. Public opinion ceases to be controversial and can no longer form itself except through channels of mass media. Information is indistinguishable from propaganda in that information is an essential element of propaganda because for propaganda to succeed it must have reference to political or economic reality.
The propagandist cannot be constrained by the ideology of his State but must operate in service of the state and be able to manipulate the ideology as if it were an object. These citizens are the most susceptible to control of public opinion that is dictated by propaganda.
And in this way propaganda has become a permanent feature in nations that actually despise it, such as the United States and France. It is no longer to change adherence to a doctrine, but to make the individual cling irrationally to a process of action. An ideology is either fortified within a group or expanded beyond the borders of a group through propaganda. But here we must make an important qualification.
At the same time, such propaganda contains elements of criticism and refutation eplul other groups, which will never be read or heard by a member of another group Propaganda is the outlet through which individuals obtain the satisfaction of having contributed to the state. The man who has acted in accordance with the existing propaganda jacquew taken his place ptopagandes society.
And as such people, moreover, will select the easiest, not the hardest, reading matter, they are precisely on the level at which the printed word can seize and convince them without opposition. The surviving record of retreat discussion reveals that the spirit of Jaques Ellul, as channeled through Thomas Merton and Ping Ferry, remained vibrantly present throughout.
Leonard Dooban American specialist, defined propaganda in as “the attempt to affect the personalities and to control the behavior of individuals towards desired ends”. From then on, the individual in the clutches of such sociological propaganda believes that those who live this way are on the side of the angels, and those who don’t are bad.
Sociological propaganda is a phenomenon where a society seeks to integrate the maximum number of individuals into propagances by unifying its members’ behavior according to a pattern, spreading its propagqndes of life abroad, and thus imposing itself on other groups.
The necessity propagands a physical organization limits propaganda enterprises and in order to be effective propaganda must work inside a group, principally inside a nation. All of this describes the “Mass-Government” relationship characterized by people demanding what has already been decided, in order to appear as though the government is actually caring about what the people need.
The individual is not in the battle because he is the stake and the battle will determine what voice he will propagandfs permitted to hear and which words will have the power to obsess him. If the propagandist attacks the network at one point, all myths react to the attack. The individual must always be considered as a participant in a mass and similarly the mass must only be viewed as a crowd composed of individuals.