The International Classification of Sleep Disorders – Third Edition (ICSD-3) is the authoritative clinical text for the diagnosis of sleep disorders. This is an. International Classification of Sleep Disorders (2nd edn),. International Classification classification replaces the previous edition (ICSD-2; Ameri- can Academy of .. In the nonh sleep–wake disorder (or free-running disorder), which was. ICSD – International classification of sleep disorders, revised: Diagnostic and Includes bibliographies and index. 1. Sleep Disorders–Classification. 2. Sleep .. syndrome) to reflect crucial developments since the first edition. Changes .. The second section, the parasomnias, comprises disorders that intrude into or.

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The disorder is rare and the pathophysiology is unknown. Views Read Edit View history.

Sleep-related groaning catathrenia [] is an unusual disorder in which there is a chronic, often nightly, expiratory groaning that occurs during sleep. Sleep-related leg cramps [].

The ICSD classification, developed primarily for diagnostic, epidemiologic, and at the time, research purposes, has been widely used by clinicians and has allowed improved international communication in sleep disorder research. There are several secondary insomnias. Circadian rhythm sleep disorders due to medical condition [ 8283 ].


Inadequate sleep hygiene [ 1213 ] is a disorder associated with common daily activities that are inconsistent with good-quality sleep and full daytime alertness.

International classification of sleep disorders-third edition: highlights and modifications.

The hypersomnia disorders are those in which the primary complaint is daytime sleepiness and the cause of the primary symptom is not disturbed nocturnal sleep or misaligned circadian rhythms. Idiopathic disordefs and Kleine-Levin syndrome are each listed as 1 rather than 2 disorders in both classifications i. Interstitial lung disease and sleep: Sleep is normal in architecture and quality. Roehrs T, Roth T. The parasomnias often occur in conjunction with other sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Classification of Sleep Disorders

Sleep Med in press. Delayed sleep phase syndrome: Sleep-related eating disorder [].

Clinical assessment of child and adolescent sleep disorders. Sleepwalking [ 8889 ]. Persistent psychophysiological learned insomnia. Nightmare disorder [ 9697 ]. Obstructive sleep apnea in adults [ 3435 ] is characterized by repetitive episodes of cessation of breathing apneas or partial upper airway obstruction hypopneas. Most cases of narcolepsy without cataplexy have intact hypocretin levels. Fragmentary myoclonus knternational sleep revisited: Additional codes are included for procedures and physical signs of particular interest to sleep disorders clinicians and researchers.

Polysomnographic study of sleeplessness and oneiricisms in the alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Restless legs syndrome including sleep-related growing pains []. ICSD-3 includes 60 specific diagnoses within the seven disordera categories, as well as classifiication appendix for classification of sleep disorders associated with medical and neurologic disorders. The distribution and clinical significance of sleep time misperceptions.


This organization of sleep disorders is necessary because of the varied nature and because the pathophysiology for many of the disorders is still unknown. Sleep and sleep-disordered breathing in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, version 2, published in and currently undergoing revision, combines a symptomatic presentation e. Referral to the ICSD-2 will help clinicians establish a rational differential diagnosis when evaluating patients. Definition of acute insomnia: Nightmare disorder [ 9697 ] is characterized by recurrent nightmares that occur in REM sleep and result in an awakening with intense anxiety, fear, or other negative feelings.

Hauri PJ, Olmsted E. In the ICSD, the term hypersomnia is diagnostic, with the preferred term for the complaint being daytime sleepiness or excessive editon sleepiness.