Hortus Malabaricus is an online community platform serving an international interest group regarding the Hortus Malabaricus, a 17th century volume book . K. S. Manilal has spent over 35 years rendering Hortus Malabaricus to English. has presented to the scientific world, the English edition. Images from the Hortus Malabaricus volumes at Blatter Herbarium Library of St. . Indian for the newly chartered Dutch and English East India Companies.

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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Help Center Find new research papers in: The effort has brought the main contents of the book to Malayalam and English-speaking scholars. Intellectual Property Rights to biological resources should not be exploitive, as anyone has the right to apply for, and enjoy the fruits of an invention based on a biological discovery.

Collection of medicinal plants. As the name “American Basmati” is misleading by including the tenn Basmati to describe a rice that is not even genetically similar to that of the original, most patent claims were withdrawn.

Linnaeus and many others after him used the illustrations and descriptions in it as the types of many botanical taxa erected by them, in accordance to the system of binomial nomenclature of plants.

The Hortus Malabaricus comprises 12 volumes of about pages each, with copper plate engravings. The priceless significance ofthe certificates provided by Itty Achudean in Malayalam Kolezuthu script Fig. The first Volume of Hortus Malabaricus. The medicinal properties of the plants, the respective diseases for which they were used for treatment and the modes of treatment as known to the ancient renowned traditional physicians of Malabar the present state of Kerala are described in the book.

If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. Hortus Malabaricus Volume 1. Since then, Malayalam script itself as well as the language have changed. Mathew in compiling the book, acquires special contemporary value for us.

Hortus Malabaricus

The plants were described under their dialectical Malayalam names that malabarichs used by the natives ofCochin, where Rheede was stationed at that point oftime in 17 th century. The case ofpatenting ofturmeric, a plant that has been in use as a medicine in India for centuries, is well known. The process ofidentification was based not only on the descriptions and illustrations given in the original book, but also studying fresh collections ofthe plants made personally by the present author during the past few decades, from the localities in Malabar from where Rheede originally collected them years ago.


In John Hill published a “London Edition” of Volume 1 of Bortus Malabaricus, which has been mistakenly thought to be an English translation by those who have not seen the book.

Hortus Malabaricus : Hendrik van Rheede : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

However, since the Registry has been prepared by persons who are not technically competent to properly and scientifically identify the concerned plants as per the acceptable Rules of the ICBN, the technical accuracy ofthis Registry may not stand the test ofscrutiny and hence its acceptability in international courts of law is open to question.

Meeting requirements of ‘novelty’ and’ inventive step’, or ‘non-obviousness’ means that the applicant usually needs to produce at least a synthetic version of the compound or a purified extract.

As this is a pre-Linnaean work, with no known type specimens, the exact scientific identity of most ofthe medicinal plants described in it, were not correctly known and has been a subject of debate. About Help Blog Jobs Welcome to our new website. Such plants were collected from places nearest to Cochin or to their original localities, resulting in a re-collection of most of Rheede’s plants. The local names of plants were dictated to Rheede in the spoken vaamozhi form of the local language Malayalam.

Skip to main content. Click to have a closer look. Indigenous Knowledge IK is the infonnation that people in a given community, based on experience and adaptation to a local culture and environment, have developed over times, and continue to develop. The ownership of medicinal plants, though extremely complex, is the most valuable asset of indigenous people and their traditional knowledge.

A ohrtus of plant species mentioned in Hortus Malabaricus is maintained in ‘Hill Palace compound at Tripunithra. These lines were obtained by breeding crosses of 22 fanner-bred Basmati varieties from India and Pakistan. Since the dried specimens of plants sent to Europe by Rheede could not be located, Linnaeus, due to his pronounced faith in this book, used, instead, the descriptions englisy illustrations contained in it to erect types ofmany of species and genera ofAsian and other tropical plants.

Views Read Edit View history. In his Species Plantarum published in and Genera PlantarumLinnaeus used about Indian plants for erecting new species and genera, most of which from Bartus Malabaricus.

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That was then translated to Portuguese language, writing the names in the spoken form ofthe names themselves, from which it was translated to Dutch language and then from Dutch to the Latin language used in the printed text ofthe book.

Medicinal properties ofthe concerned plants, as originally certified by the ancient local traditional Malabar physicians, who supplied all such information contained in it are translated and interpreted in this English Edition.

Summary [ edit ] Description Hortus Malabaricus Volume 1. Log In Sign Up. Hortus Malabaricus Horticultural Expo.

Views View Edit History. The traditional indigenous ethno-medical information contained in it was gathered from ancient palm leaf manuscripts belonging to hereditary physicians’ families ofMalabar ofthe 17th century. Names of each species is written in Malayalam as well as Konkani Then known as Brahmananchi Bhas A description of each plant was written in Malayalam and thence translated into Portuguese, by a resident at Cochin, named Emmanuel Carneiro.

On these grounds, many scientists deny allegations of biopiracy, arguing that the patent is intended to reward the extra work that was needed to produce a patentable invention from a biological resource, not the initial discovery ofthe source itself.

The first of the 12 volumes of the book was published inand the last in The following other wikis use this file: It is a volume treatise written in Latin, englsh 1st volume of which was published in and the 12 th in Present relevance of the 17 1JJ century Botany book The present relevance of the book today for us, however, is mainly two-fold. Biodiversity Registers are then compiled in the fonn of computerized data bases on the level of talukas, districts, states and the entire country, in order to provide infonnation to the public, government and industry.

Every evening a lamp is lit in the malabariucs lampmast in front by his descendents-the members of the present Kollat family- who lives adjacent to it.