Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m (39ft) by m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable . PDF | Gnetum africanum is a forest liana that grows abundantly in Central Africa, South America, and tropical and subtropical Asia. Its leaves. J Med Food. Nov;14(11) doi: /jmf Epub Aug Gnetum africanum: a wild food plant from the African forest with many.

Author: Daishicage Fenrishicage
Country: Namibia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Environment
Published (Last): 23 April 2014
Pages: 175
PDF File Size: 7.76 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.11 Mb
ISBN: 618-4-94277-166-6
Downloads: 95500
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tozahn

Fences were only found to be successful when there is enough shade, and they are generally too expensive.

Gnetum africanum – Wikipedia

To soften this rather tough vegetable, people often mix it with waterleaf Talinum triangulare [ ]. They are also used to treat boils and fungal infections on the fingers.

However, agricanum field trials might show that Gnetum buchholzianum is more difficult to cultivate than Gnetum africanum because the former probably requires more shade than the latter. Experimental plantings for domestication are being made with both species. Under wild conditions, the plant grows and forms underground tubers or roots that store plant food reserves.

Marco Schmidt – wikimedia.

Gnetum africanum – Useful Tropical Plants

Plants For A Future have a afrifanum of books available in paperback and digital form. Phylogeny of seed plants based on evidence from eight genes Archived at Archive.

This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Since Gnetum africanum grows best in shaded areas africankm could be used as a complimentary crop on tree farms. The leaves of this species are somewhat thinner and paler than the dark green leaves of the related Gnetum buchholzianum[ ].

The narrowly oval leaves are papery-like and in groups of three and the branches are thickened at the nodes. Thrives in a wide range of habitats, including farm fallows or abandoned farmland, secondary forests, and closed forest[ ]. Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber gbetum to 12 m 39ft by 0. It is assumed that seeds need pre-treatment, such as passing through the intestines of a bird, fruit bat, squirrel or other animal, before they germinate[ ].


It is eaten as a treatment against nausea and is considered antidotal against arrow-poison based on Parquetina nigrescens[].


Gnetum africanum has leaves which are relatively thin and pale green. This may double in subsequent years. Retrieved 11 January Gnetum africanum has numerous common names and arricanum grown in various countries across Africa, including: If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below.

Once the new methods of africwnum and cultivation have been adopted, there will be scope for development of eru as a new crop, for which there is already a high demand and for which an attractive price could be paid. Diversity found between accessions is considerable, offering scope for improvement of both quality and productivity.

Reporting Science in Africa. Alternatives to destructive harvesting of eru should be found.

The plant tolerates a range of habitats and environmental conditions[ ]. The leaves have a very high nutritional value and constitute an important source of protein, essential amino acids and mineral elements[ ]. The first harvest may take place 6 – 9 months after planting. Today, it is more common than Gnetum buchholzianumwhich is mainly found in primary forest, especially near openings created by fallen trees.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Growing up from the base, the stems produce only small, scale-like leaves, and they grow rapidly towards the light. Seed collection is thus far from easy, a further reason why eru is hardly cultivated.


The shade tolerant vine does not africaum well in direct sunlight and can be found climbing on middle and under-story trees. There is an urgent afriacnum to collect and preserve the diversity found within the two African Gnetum species, preferably throughout their natural range.

The plant continues to grow during the dry season and new shoots may develop where the stem has been cut or where side shoots have been removed[ ]. The vine grows in two ways: If cultivated, farmers need to provide support, e.

It can also be found in riverine forest in areas that are otherwise too dry for the species. This QR Code is unique to this page. Eru is hardly cultivated at all at present, but africanhm is massive exploitation of the remaining natural stands, which have almost disappeared in Nigeria and are becoming scarce in Cameroon, Gabon and the Central African Republic.

Gnetum africanum depletion is largely associated with tree felling and overexploitative forestry practices.

The PFAF Bookshop

Tropical forests, people and food: See Terms of Use for details. The leaf is used in the treatment of enlarged spleen, sore throat, piles, high blood pressure and as a cathartic[].

Consequently, the content of micronutrients in the latter might be somewhat higher. It is assumed that seeds need pretreatment, such as passing through the intestines of a bird, fruit bat, squirrel or other animal, before they germinate.

The plant forms africwnum distinct types of stem. Proceedings of the National Academy bnetum Sciences Gnetum africanum is a good source of protein and is strong in essential and non-essential amino acids.