La incidencia de estrabismo adquirido del adulto no asociado con problemas paralíticos está en aumento. Existe una fuerte asociación entre los trastornos de la. Esotropia with nystagmus” is a distinct congenital or infantile syndrome, whose analysis revealed the following three elements: 1. Pathological convergence. La prevalencia del estrabismo se estima en torno a un % de la población, con una presencia 3 veces superior de endotropía frente a la.

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Their subtypes are presented in Table 1. Among the cases of paralytic strabismus, the most affected cranial nerve was the sixth, corroborating the data found in the literature. Among the patients who underwent surgery before they were 10 years old, that ratio was 5. Patients were grouped into age brackets according to paarliticos ages at the time of surgery, and following the same division employed in the study of Curtis et al.

Prevalence of squints and visual defects in Malaysian primary one school children. Likewise, we observed that there was an increased demand for surgeries involving oblique muscles, vertical rectus muscles and displacement techniques. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of the different types of strabismus submitted to surgical procedures in a public hospital of the Brazilian Federal District.

Acquired oculomotor, trochlear, and abducent cranial nerve estrabksmos in pediatric patients.

The relationship between preoperative alignment stability and postoperative motor outcomes in children with esotropia. A descriptive statistical analysis was conducted through the use of frequency distribution tables for each variable studied.


The most frequent subtype of esotropia was infantile Results surgeries were performed in the period under study. This number is lower than the one seen in the literaturewhich might be due to good results obtained by the first surgery, to a difficulty faced by patients in following up on their treatments due to socioeconomic issues, or to lower standards regarding esthetic results among the population under study The researched variables included sex, age at the time of surgery, type of surgery and classification of strabismus.

Strabismus surgery learning for ophthalmology residents of university service.

.: Portal da SBO – Sociedade Brasileira de Oftalmologia :.

Detection of strabismus and amblyopia in 1. It has been found that children with strabismus are viewed negatively, and that surgery could lead to psychosocial benefits, even when there is no hope of improving visual function. Prevalence and outcomes of childhood visual disorders.

Rstrabismos, XT, and pure vertical deviation. The prevalence of strabismus and amblyopia in Japanese elementary school children.

Every surgical procedure performed in that period was evaluated and recorded as a case for the study. The involvement of oblique and vertical rectus muscles, the displacement of the rectus muscle, and the number of re-surgeries were also considered.

Strabismus was classified into three main types esotropia, exotropia, and pure vertical deviationand their subtypes.

Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology

Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus.

Introduction Treatment for strabismus may be either clinical, optical, or involving an association of techniques, and its purpose is to preserve and ensure adequate visual development, recover binocular vision, and establish ocular parallelism.


Patients submitted to surgical procedures to correct strabismus including those with application of botulinum toxin were included in the study, regardless of age or sex. It is difficult to compare the findings of the present study to other research, due to the methodological variability across the studies, to the fact that few studies investigated surgical strabismus alone, 13, 14and to the lack of standardization in the classification of strabismus.

Original Articles Revista vol.

Estrabismo by Jesús Ramírez on Prezi

This may either reflect a difficulty in gaining quick access to healthcare services, or a lack of qualified professionals and resources to perform an earlier surgery; further research is needed for a better understanding of this issue. Furthermore, most of the research is either population-based, or limited to a specific age bracket 13, Incidence and types of childhood esotropia: Retrospective cross-sectional review of medical records of patients who underwent strabismus surgery performed by the same surgeon from to This observation may demonstrate the importance of the surgeon being prepared to perform different techniques in several extraocular muscles.

Common forms of childhood exotropia.