Ergot and ergotism by G. Barger, , Gurney and Jackson edition, in English. 16 George Barger, Ergot and Ergotism: A monograph Based on the England Historic, Geneological Society (Boston: Samuel G. Drake, ). flour or grain used for example in bread or for brewing beer, the ergot alkaloids may lead to the hor- rible disease called Barger G () Ergot and Ergotism.

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I hat in these times of famine the poor consumed ergot is not surprising, since even cannibalism was reported in G.bagger pains accompanied this evil, and great clamours and scrietchings did the sick make; some vomited when it first took them.

They do not refer to contemporary sources and such of these passages as I have been able to trace have not convinced me that they deal with ergotism. There were, however, many deaths outside the hospitals ergor many cases were not officially notified. This epidemic is of importance because over sixty patients were observed at intervals over a period of twenty years by neurologists and psychiatrists Siemens, Tuczek, Walker, Jahrmaerker []who also observed RA PI TAN IA 79 lesions in the posterior columns of the spinal cord.

Transverse section of sclerotium Robert distinguished two active principles ; one sphacelinic acid was supposed to cause gangrene, the other cornutine was considered to be the cause of convulsions; he further assumed that French ergot was richer in the former and German in the latter principle; there might even be two races of ergot.

Ergot and Ergotism.

Metamorphosesviii, — Triste solum, sterilis, sine fruge, sine arbore tellus: In Germany germany Subject Category: Nor is there any indication in other herbals published a few years beforein particular not in M. Martialis, by Ademar de Chabannes, circa ; Bouquet, x. Yet other names are: Hungary, now Rumania Photograph due to Prof. Siemens relates that 11 victims of ergotism were received in an asylum in Fuchs gives most complete references to chronicles and other sources with copious quotations; his enthusiasm has made him include a few epidemics of very doubtful nature.


After the loss of a single limb the patients often made a good recovery and lived for many years, sometimes being attacked again in a second epidemic. Although the total amount of ergot was about the same, the daily dose was much greater in the convulsive case, the effect more sudden and more uniform, extending to all the members of the family.

Two extensive outbreaks occurred in at Turin, and in at Milan Moskatiboth times in the month of June and in a school or orphanage. Spoof [] devoted a monograph with map to this subject; from the disease occurred sporadically in thirty-three years, therefore almost annually; particularly severe g.bargrr occurred in and in Long after the ergo of Lentin of Gottingen remained in doubt as to the effects of ergot, which he considered innocuous unless honey-dew descended on it. The common name seigle ergote applies, strictly speaking, only to a mixture of sound rye and ergot, although most French authors have used it as a synonym for the latter.

Obstetrical use of ergot in the eighteenth century.

History and distribution of rye. Geographic Entities see more detailsAmerica america Subject Category: Clavi Sili- ginis Lon.

Ergot and ergotism. ( edition) | Open Library

The patients were apt to complain of an icy cold, and also of burning heat. Colin writes of the Lucerne outbreak: Thus bu Sweden Linnaeus considered that charlock, Raphanus Raphanistrumwas the cause ; although there was not the b.barger foundation for this, the name raphama was at one time used, on the authority of Linnaeus, to designate convulsive ergotism.

No precise data are available concerning the proportion of ergot in the Sologne. Both the convulsive and the gangrenous symptoms are explicitly mentioned in the next account. Yet in particularly severe cases there were no premonitory signs and either gangrene or convulsions were the first symptoms of the disease.

Ergot and ergotism.

The author g.barber how, when there was a great pestilence in Burgundy and all the neighbouring countries, many sufferers, having heard the fame of the pious prelate, flocked to his palace, and were fed and washed by him personally, to the number of eighty or one hundred each day. The functional troubles in the retina are not due to vaso-constriction, but to the direct action of the poison.


In the nineteenth century there were still several well-marked epidemics of gangrenous ergotism in France. If we represent symptoms of gangrenous ergotism by dashes and those of the convulsive type by dots, this view may be represented diagrammatically by the letter V; the two diseases have merely a common starting point in ergot.

Portuguese, cravagem de ccnteio. Practically the same text and figures were issued in under a new title, Botanicon: The father escaped such dire calamity and suffered only from numbness of the hands and loss of finger nails. The patches seemed dried up, as if burned in a fire or anc for a long time in the sun.

Names referring to the sensus formicationis: These details are entirely characteristic, and with the popular German name leave no doubt as to the identity of the disease. After finishing a meal, with which they declared themselves satisfied, two of his patients each consumed 3 lbs. I he belief that the disease was infectious is already contained in the title of the Marburg account, and was maintained for a long time; it no doubt orginated in the circumstance that all members of a family, living on the same diet, wcic often taken ill at the same time.

Taube states that the peasants in his district Celle, 25 miles north of Hanover were in the habit of collecting the so-called Kriimmelkorn which falls out of the ears in harvesting, and baking bread from this before threshing the main harvest, partly from curiosity, partly from necessity.

The shedding of the epidermis of the trunk was also observed by Ilussa, of nails by Heusinger both in convulsive ergotism.