Written in the first part of the fifth century, this work is a charming record of the observations of a Christian woman on a lengthy pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. This new version of the late fourth-century diary of journeys in and around the Holy Land known as the Itinerarium Egeriae provides a more. About Egeria. Egeria, one of the earliest documented Christian pilgrims, visited the most important destinations of pilgrimage in the eastern Mediterranean.

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Bradshaw is emeritus professor of liturgy at the University of Notre Dame. By using this site, you agree to fiary Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The Pilgrimage of Egeria

This is that Horeb where was holy Elijah the prophet, when he fled from the face of Ahab the king, and where God spake to him and said: Nor is the oblation ever offered behind the Cross on any day throughout the year, except on this one day.

We find references to it in S. Historical details it contains set the journey in the early s, making it the earliest of its kind.

It happened very pleasantly for us that we arrived on the day before the martyr’s feast of saint Helpidius, which is on the twenty-third of April. Wilson has no doubt that the peak which she calls the Mount of God and made a point of ascending was Jebel Musa the traditional site, ft. But an account given by Mrs.

And if after this I am yet in the body, and am able to see any other places, I will either tell it to your affection in person, if God deigns to permit me this, or in anywise, if I have another project in mind, I will send you news of it in a letter. But before the dismissal is made there, the archdeacon raises his voice and says: Chedorlaomer represents the Vulg.

They are here given, as far as they bear on Etheria’s narrative. This holy bishop also informed us how Pharaoh, when he saw that the children of Israel had escaped him, before he set out after them, went with all his army into Rameses and burnt the whole city which was very great, and then set out thence in oilgrimage of the children of Israel.

Octave of the Festival. But after that you have fulfilled your desire and descend, you can see it from the other side, which you cannot do before you begin to ascend. And when the holy bishop had told me all these things, he said to me: And as we journeyed that way we saw a very pleasant valley opening towards us on the left ; it was very large and discharged a very great torrent into the Jordan, and in that valley we saw the cell of one who is now a brother, that is a monk.

For they are men who do many wonders, and, moreover, I did not know in what od was the day of the martyr’s feast which I have mentioned ; but at God’s bidding it came about that I arrived on the day that I had not hoped for.


And in the same hour they proceed to holy Sion. And since from Antioch it is nearer to Mesopotamia, it was very convenient for me at God’s bidding that as I was returning to Constantinople, and my way lying through Antioch, I should go thence to Mesopotamia. And immense crowds, not of monks only, but also of the laity, both men and women, flock together to Jerusalem from every quarter for the solemn and joyous observance of that day.

And what shall I say of the decoration of the fabric itself, which Constantine, at his mother’s instigation, decorated with gold, mosaic, and costly marbles, as far as the resources of his kingdom allowed him, that is, the greater church as well as the Anastasis, at the Cross, and the other holy places in Jerusalem?

It was from Egypt by way of Rome that monasticism was quite early brought to western Europe, and there for some time it retained many of its more especially Eastern char- acteristics. The text is a narrative apparently written at the end of Egeria’s journey from notes she took en route, and addressed to her ‘dear ladies’: Euphemia, and finally arrived at Constantinople.

Jerome ad Evang, 27, and Onom. For this day is observed with great dignity there on account of the memorial of holy Abraham, whose house stood where the church now is, in which the body of the holy martyr is laid. He goes into minute details over her usages, and the upshot of his examination is that she was not unlearned, but was familiar with the Scriptures, to the language of which 1 We may compare the bishop of Edessa’s remark p.

Anthony than under the rule of S. She does, however, describe two other striking like- nesses which she was taken to see, though that can hardly be more than a coincidence viz. Retrieved from ” https: Now it would be too much to write of all these things one by one, for so great a number could not be remembered, but when your affection 6 shall read the holy books of Moses it will more quickly recognize the things that were done in that place.

Egeria (pilgrim)

And afterwards when the dismissal from the church has been made, they repair to the Anastasis with hymns, according to custom, so that the dismissal takes place about the sixth hour. How the codex was found. Wherefore the holy bishop detained us there for some two days, a holy man and truly a man of God, well known to me from the time when I had been in the Thebaid.

As the Emperor Jovian had yielded the district to King Sapor inthat seems to be the explanation of the statement.

But though there is a certain amount in Silvia’s case that fits in with what is here contained, yet the terms in which the Lausiac History of Palladius 2 speaks of her in connexion with her journey from Jerusalem to Egypt show that she was an ascetic of the most severe type in her practices, and that our pilgrim never shows herself to have been, however much she respects and admires asceticism in those she meets or visits. The principal of these are as follows: He, after deigning to give himself the trouble of meeting us, showed us everything there and told us about the aforesaid statues, as well as about the sycomore tree.


By this way, then, at the bidding of Christ our God, and helped by the prayers of the holy men who accompanied us, we arrived, at the fourth hour, at the summit of Sinai, the holy moun- tain of God, where the law was given, that is, at the place where the Glory of the Lord descended on the day when the mountain smoked.

Preview — Egeria by Egeria. Thomas the Apostle sent Thaddeus to Edessa, the later version identified the two. There are many reasons why we mourn her loss, and surely among them we must reckon this, that we are not now permitted to share with her the joy of seeing the fruits of her long study brought to completion.

Egeria: Diary of a Pilgrimage by Egeria

Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Ascension Day itself was kept, but without much ceremonial, and at Bethlehem, not in the Imbomon, 1 See Bernard, p. Three other matters remain to be considered which bear upon the date of the narrative besides being of general interest: Dom FeVotin’s theory, amounting almost to a certainty, was that she was a fellow-countrywoman of Valerius, who had visited the East towards the end of the fourth century, i.

She found it was no easy journey of four stations across the desert to what she calls ” the city of Arabia ” identified by experts with the Thou of Roman official documents, or possibly Bubastirand the district was apparently at the time unsettled and in military occupation.

Then the holy priest said to us: The remainder of the journey into Goshen 2 was then accomplished.

For I eberia that your affection will believe me [when I say that], as far as I could see, the children of Israel marched in such wise that as far as they went to the right, so far did they turn back to the left ; as far as they pilrgimage for- ward, so far did they return backward, journeying thus until they reached the Red Sea.

These mountains are ascended with infinite toil, for you cannot go up gently by a spiral 1 Exod. It is called the martyrium because it is in Golgotha behind the Cross, where the Lord suffered.