Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Zürich, ). Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. Renaissance. Library has v. only. Library’s v. 1 has hand-colored ill. prepared as a presentation copy for Gesner who has signed the title page inscription.
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It included Biblical and classical sources, referenced both Pliny and Physiologus, as well as folklore and earlier bestiaries. This page was last edited on 8 Mayat It is the first book to illustrate fossils. Finally, Gesner attended university of Montpellier where he studied medicine, where he was able to graduate only a few months later. In his larger works Gessner sought to distinguish fact from myth and popular misconceptions,  and so his encyclopedic work included both extinct creatures and newly discovered animals of the East Indiesthose of the far north and animals brought back from the New World.
The Historia animalium was Gessner’s magnum opusand was the most widely read of all the Renaissance natural histories. The work included extensive information on mammalsbirdsfishand reptiles. It described in detail their daily habits and movements. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Historiae Animalium. History of science Philosophy of biology Teleology Ethnobotany Eugenics History of the creation-evolution controversy Human Genome Project Humboldtian science Natural history Natural philosophy Natural theology Relationship between religion and science Timeline of biology and organic chemistry.
Historia animalium showed the animals’ places in historyliterature and art. After his study of nature and medicine, and after collected books and botanical, zoological specimens, he studied and investigated nature and science. It has pages of list of his life events including each year. It is compiled from ancient and medieval texts, including the inherited knowledge of ancient naturalists like AristotlePliny the Elder and Aelian.
Retrieved 26 September The history of four-footed beasts and serpents and insects. Retrieved from ” https: Historiae Animalium was his masterwork, published between and The generously illustrated work was so popular that Gessner’s abridgement, Thierbuch “Animal Book”was published in Zurich inand in England Edward Topsell translated and condensed it as a Historie of foure-footed beastes London: His book was the first to present fossil illustrations so students may more easily recognize objects that cannot be very clearly described in words.
As a student he had studied classics and language, but afterwards he began traveling and observing the diversity of the natural world.
Topsell, Edward,; Gessner, Konrad; et al. Conrad Gessner’s ‘Historia animalium’: William Jaggard Sections of each chapter detailed the animal and its attributes, in the tradition of the emblem book.
Historiae animalium | work by Gesner |
It also included their uses in medicine and nutrition. Born in Zurich, linguist, naturalist, and botanist Conrad Gesner spelled variously in different gwsner and publications, often Konrad Gesner or Conrad Gessner dedicated his time to amassing an gesnr library and collecting information on the natural world.
Historia animalium “History of the Animals”published at Zurich in conad andis an encyclopedic “inventory of renaissance zoology” by Conrad Gessner — University of Chicago Press. Science and the Secrets of Nature: It was more than 4, pages long, divided into four volumes covering, respectively, four-footed animals, amphibians, birds, and fishes and other aquatic animals. Gmelig-Nijboer, Caroline Aleid The purpose of the book is defined in several books and articles as an encyclopedia as Gesner himself purports itthough the specific source of my knowledge of it came from Acheson’s article.
Trinity College – Conrad Gesner’s Animals
University of Illinois Press. An Inventory of Renaissance Zoology. He likely used other illustrators as well as himself;  the book is however famous for copying illustrations from other sources, including Durer’s Rhinoceros from a well-known woodcut.
Historia animalium libri I-IV. Histtoriae Pope Paul IV it was felt that the religious convictions of an author contaminated all his writings,  and as Gessner was a Protestantit was added to the Catholic Church’s list of prohibited books.
Daston, Lorraine ; et al. Essays in Interpretation. Gesner was a special child, extremely gifted in learning classical languages. Cultures of Natural History. The colored woodcut illustrations were the first real attempts to represent animals in their natural environment.
Conrad Gessner’s “Historia Animalium”: He was particularly enthusiastic about plant life and fossils, and eventually published 72 works, but was always planning for bigger and better works. Historaie Company of Phil, Steven Jardine, Secord; et al. The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy.
Although monsters are not all not confined to Book IV, the fourth book dedicated to creatures of the sea includes many wonderful scenes of sea serpents and terrifying whale monsters attacking ships and sailors, including one of the most famous images from this work is gesnr woodcut of the Great Orm, a Scandinavian sea monster most likely copied from the Carta Marina of Olaus Magnus.
The Science of Describing: Gesner’s purpose was to present as much information and knowledge as possible in the book so that it could function as an encylopedia that people would look up to consult, instead of being something that would be read from the beginning to the end.