Goldsmith’s book Autosegmental and metrical phonology (AMP) has two major purposes. First of all, it is an introduction to autosegmental, metrical, and lexical. Bibliography: leaves by John A. Goldsmith. and later the development of autosegmental phonology which stressed the possibility. John Goldsmith autosegmental phonology, suggesting that the inherent geometry thesis on suprasegmental phonology, in which he argued that in some.

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Autosegmental phonology

Feature changes are shown by striking through the lines that connect a feature that is lost to the rest of the segment and drawing dotted lines to features that are gained. Autksegmental This Article 1. Views Read Edit View history.

Oxford Research Encyclopedias Linguistics. The stress tier contains the features that show the distribution of stress in the phonological representation.

No more specification is necessary because place is the only feature of the following segment that factors into the rule. An early sign that tones required a separate tier of representation was the phenomenon of tonal stability. The timing tier contains timing units that define the lengths of segments in the phonological representation. Later work modified many of the lhonology properties of the autosegmental model.

Rather than classify segments using the categories given in the International Phonetic Alphabetthe autosegmental formalism makes use of golfsmith features, which provide greater granularity and make identification of natural classes easier. Similar behaviors are golddmith in long-distance phenomena, including intonation, vowel harmony, and nasal prosodies, as well as more locally with partial or full assimilation across adjacent segments.

Autosegmental phonology – Wikipedia

There is a close relationship between analysis of segments into distinctive features and an autosegmental analysis; each feature in a language appears on exactly one tier. These sets can also underspecify in order to indicate a class rather than a single segment.


Access to the complete content on Oxford Research Encyclopedia goldsmth Linguistics requires a subscription or purchase. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the segmental tier, autosegmentaal are assigned to segments.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Autosegmenta. The autosegmental tier also “skeletal tier” contains the features that define the segments articulated in the phonological representation.

The assimilation is shown by striking through the line to [coronal] P on the left and drawing a dotted line to the [ Sign in via your Institution. This article includes a list of referencesgoldsmih reading or external linksbut its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations.

The autosegmental formalism can be especially useful in describing assimilation rules. Publications Pages Publications Pages. As a theory of phonological representation, autosegmental phonology developed a formal account of ideas that had been sketched in earlier work by several linguists, notably Bernard BlochCharles Hockett and J.

Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription. On such a view, phonological representations consist of more than one linear sequence of segments ; each linear sequence constitutes a separate tier. The early autosegmental notion of tiers of representation that were distinct but conceptually equal soon gave way to a model with one basic tier connected to tiers for particular kinds of articulation, including tone and intonation, nasality, vowel features, and others.

March Learn how and when to remove this template message. For unary features to be fully specified, it is necessary to include binary subfeatures that correspond to them. Autosegments were introduced by John Goldsmith in his M. Clements developed a number of influential aspects of the theory involving harmonic processes, especially vowel harmony and nasal harmony, and John McCarthy generalized the theory to deal with the conjugational system of classical Arabicon the basis of an autosegmental account of vowel and consonant slots on a central timing tier see also nonconcatenative morphology.


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The Autosegmental Framework 3. The autosegmental formalism departs from the depiction of segments as matrices of features in order to show segments as connected groups of individual features.

Autosegmental Phonology – Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Sign in with your library card. In the autosegmental formalism, this is depicted by placing the binary subfeature at a horizontal offset from the unary feature and connecting them with a line.

For example, a generic place feature can be indicated [ The rule is that a coronal nasal will assimilate to the place of the following consonant. This can be done by including a placeholder feature composed of ellipses, with an indication of the type of feature. The behavior of contour tones in many languages also falls into place when the contours are broken down autosegmsntal sequences of level tones on an independent level or representation.