El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler / Georg Lukács ; [traducción de Wenceslao Roces] Edición 1ª ed. en español. Libros de Segunda Mano – Pensamiento – Filosofía: Georg lukács. el asalto a la razón. la trayectoria del irracionalismo de schelling a hitler. Compra, venta . Libros de Segunda Mano – Pensamiento – Filosofía: Lukács, georg. el asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo desde schelling hasta hitler. Compra.
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Nietzsche intended his ethics to effect their selection, education, breeding. For Nietzsche, biology was one of the means of arguing and making concrete on quasi-scientific lines an essential element in his methodology. To this outlook his aphoristic mode of expression is no doubt intimately related. Nietzsche himself roundly condemned all systems: His commentary is highly significant: And eternal recurrence has the function of expressing the ultimate meaning of this myth: Nonetheless, as we have shown in the case of Schopenhauer, the resultant movement split up into quite different directions.
The killing of God was only one means of liberating men from the restraints acquired in the course of millennia and turning them into those immoralists which the tyrannic ally ruling class of the future was to become in opposition to the herd.
So epistemology sank very low precisely as a assalto of the near-total hegemony which subjective idealism exercised in the bourgeois philosophy of this period. The setting up of a past age as an ideal for the present age to realize also belonged to the intellectual armoury of Romantic anti-capitalism.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
If we have some end in view we must also wish for the means. Certainly the decline started much earlier in the lukacz of theoretical learning, particularly economics and philosophy ; bourgeois economics had produced nothing original and forward-looking since the demise of the Ricardo school in the s, while bourgeois philosophy had yielded nothing new since the demise of Hegelianism s and s.
Here the year corresponded to in the West — and only twelve years afterwards came the socialist revolution. He had a special sixth sense, an anticipatory sensitivity to what the parasitical intelligentsia would need in the imperialist age, what would inwardly move and disturb it, and what kind of answer would most appease it. It is not worth examining more closely how Nietzsche envisaged this democracy in concrete terms.
In contrast to contemporary neo-Kantianism and Positivism, whose basic approach was a specific objectivism, an avowedly solely scientific abstention from any explicit attitude and relation ship to praxis, Nietzsche vigorously shifted the connection between theory and praxis to the centre of his whole epistemology. In the first place, it was then that the rise of the great nation-states in Central Europe reached completion, and many of the most important demands of the bourgeois revolutions their fulfilment; at all events such revolutions had had their day in Western and Central Europe.
The proof of this, the strongest possible proofis my piece Wagner in Bayreuth: Asaltp we entitled to interpret his individual aphorisms in a systematic context? Only in the light of all these facts are we aealto to claim — without losing a just sense of proportion — that the years marked another turning-point in the development of ideology.
True, remnants of Romanticism from Schopenhauer, Richard Wagner are still palpable in the young Nietzsche.
And you shall soon see him again, beyond good and evil. But it is interesting to observe the constant growth of his optimism concerning the future as he foresaw it. We must not forget that even the young Nietzsche was never a really orthodox disciple of Schopenhauer with regard to radical a-historicism.
Das Unendliche und das Endliche im Kunstwerk.
Lukacs. El asalto a la Razón..pdf
Granted, Nietzsche too was bent on attacking. The fascist ideologists too started out from the contrasts between Nietzsche and Bismarck. The Merlin Press, London’. Moreover, Nietzsche rightly said in a later draft of the preface to his debut work on the Dionysian principle: Of course there are elements in Christian teaching, and occasional proclivities in the development of Christian religion, where the idea of the equality of all human beings — which Nietzsche hated — finds powerful expression.
This antithesis is represented in the ethics of barbarism which we have portrayed above. Now this changed quite decisively in the second half of the seventies.
This in itself did not forestall a certain degeneration of general methodology, an increasingly reactionary slant in the bourgeois philosophy of natural sciences, and an ever-growing zeal in the use of their findings for the propagation of reactionary views.
That was of great importance for his influence on the intelligentsia, large sections of which were increasingly breaking away from the old religions.
Its occurrence strengthened the bond between the bourgeoisie and the reactionary classes, and its outcome sealed the fate of every democratic revolution of the period. Request removal from index. When, therefore, Nietzsche takes his stand as an atheist, the truth is that he is out to destroy socialism. And in Beyond Good and Evil Nietzsche — with some reservations in respect of verifiability that are wholly absent from his later statements — formulated his programme for natural philosophy: In this light the romantic dream of a culturally highly-developed ruling stratum, representing at the same time an indispensable barbarity, takes on a special colouring.
These same views influenced the German image of Ancient Greece in the period from Winckelmann to Hegel.
El Asalto a la Razon la Trayerctoria Del Irracionalismo Desde Schelling Hast Hilter
The worker is faring far too well not gradually razoh start asking more questions and to ask them less modestly. Great politics on earth are only beginning with me. The very men whom etiquette, respectful feelings, custom and gratitude keep strictly within the pale, as do mutual surveillance and jealousy to an even greater extent, who, on the other hand, prove so resourceful in consideration, self-control, tact, loyalty, pride and friendship — once estranged from these confines, they will behave little better than predatory beasts at lukscs.
As progressive ideologists of the era leading up to the bourgeois-democratic revolution, the rationalists were bound to idealize bourgeois society and, first and foremost, the social functions of egotism.
But the inconstant element is equally clear: And secondly, his relationship to Darwinism is the clearest illustration of the fact that it was not scientific discoveries and knowledge that guided his thinking into specific channels and forced specific roles upon him. Engels emphasizes that the Social Darwinists should be criticized in the first place as bad economists, and only then as bad natural philosophers.
Scientifically speaking, this methodology has not advanced since the famous fable of Menenius Agrippa.
Granted, the fate of Descartes, Kant and Hegel in the imperialist period shows that the reactionary is capable of surmounting even these obstacles. During the rise of irrationalism, epistemological questions played a decisive role in philosophy. The period of asalho rise, whose import was determined by the struggle against feudal ideology and by conflicts of direction within bourgeois ideology, accordingly razln a great variety of epistemological trends; idealism and materialism, subjective and objective idealism, metaphysics and dialectics vied with one another for predominance.
This enthusiasm is one of the most significant factors in his early philosophy.