Widely believed to be of Ethiopian descent, the African-Arab, al-Jahiz (the more his most famous of works is Kitab al-Hayawan (Book of Animals); a pioneering . al-Jahiz’s Book of Animals: The transcendent value of disgust | Inventions. The most famous book written by Al-Jahiz is Kitab al-Hayawan (Book of Animals). This multi-volume book does not only describe more than.

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More importantly, he communicates to us the excitement of an intelligent non-specialist confronted with radical scientific, philosophical and theological speculations. Van Gelder, Beyond the Line: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It off to life one of the oldest books written in Arabic about animals to help inspire curiosity in children and to promote caring for all living things.

Al-Jahiz – Wikipedia

He went on to write two hundred books in his lifetime on a variety of subjects, including Arabic grammarzoologypoetry, lexicography, and rhetoric. Guide for parents, teachers and al-jxhiz full of easy to do hands-on activities and demonstrations that link to the world of animals and create awareness al-jahz environmental issues. A unique feature of his oeuvre, apart from his celebrated prose – is that he tailored his writing in such a manner that the general community could understand; interspersing his writing, with anecdotes, humour and witticisms.

Of his writings, only thirty books survive. Paper had been introduced to the Muslim world around AD and al-Jahiz responded to this new technological opportunity by writing large compilations as a way to preserve, defend, and theorise some of those rhetorical debate practices.

Highly engaging interactive exhibition with hands-on activities, exhibits and digital interactives educating young people about the natural world and inspiring them to take action to strive to protect their environment. These books not only covered a specific subject as scientific textbooks, but also acted as enlightening guides just like most other early Muslim scientific books. Views Read Edit View history.


The Book of Misers, for example is also very popular. East African Swahili Committee. He also studied the Qur’an and the Hadiths. He was initiated into Islamic culture in the faculty of al-ajhiz at the University of Cambridge and learnt Arabic in order to understand Islam.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: His education was highly facilitated due to the fact that the Abbasid Caliphate was in a period of cultural, and intellectual revolutions.

Snakes like eating rats very much. In keeping with his theories of planned disorder, he introduces anecdotes of famous men, snippets of history, anthropology, etymology and jokes.

Al-Jahiz was a philosopher, poet, zoologist and writer, one of the few Muslim scientists. In it he wrote:.

The Father of the Theory of Evolution: Al-Jahiz and His Book of Animals

You are commenting using your WordPress. BasraAbbasid Caliphate. So it is certain that Charles Darwin was familiar with the works and ideas of Muslim scholars and philosophers, including Al-Jahiz, and laid the foundation of his theory of evolution using the material derived from Muslim sources.

According to Imad Hasan and Shahnawaz, Charles Darwin studied about evolution from his grandfather, Erasmus Darwinwho got the whole idea from Muslim philosophers preceded him by centuries. Al-Jahiz never lost sight of his readers, and developed a very personal and characteristic style, which blended anecdote, al-nahiz subjects and al-ajhiz, in an effort to hold their interest.

These people have a natural talent for dancing to the rhythm of the tambourine, without needing to learn it. He knows that some insects are responsive to light — and uses this information to suggest a clever way of al-jahia a room of mosquitoes and flies.


Despite the title, the Book of Animals is by no means conventional zoology, or even a conventional bestiary. Mosquitos “know instinctively that blood is the thing which makes them live” and when they see an animal, “they know that the skin has been fashioned to serve them as food”. Retrieved from ” https: Despite his propensity to meander in prose, al-Jahiz was particularly interested in style and correct expression.

Al-Jahiz and “The Book of Animals” – MOHA Research Center

He also attended various lectures given by the most learned men in philologylexicography and poetry. In fact, long booo the rise of the school of natural philosophy in Germany, Al-Jahiz and others were well known to Europeans through translation of their works into European languages.

In difference from modern evolutionary theory, for Al-Jahiz, the will of Allah served as the antecedent or originator for all mutation and transformations. He sometimes added funny anecdotes and amusing comments in his scientific works.

Using pigeons as an analogy, for example, he observes that there seem to be many natural forms of sexuality, including homosexuality in males and females, as well as varying preferences regarding domination.

A collection of stories about the greedy.

Email required Address xl-jahiz made public. He tells many anecdotes of the scholars of the House of Wisdom, many of whom appear to have been his friends.