In A Horse and Two Goats by R.K. Narayan we have the theme of confusion, tradition, culture, identity, arrogance and conflict. Narrated in the. A Horse and Two Goats. R. K. Narayan Author Biography. NewDay USA VA Refinance – Save Thousands Per Year. Refinance up to % of your home. A HORSE AND TWO GOATSby R. K. Narayan, “A Horse and Two Goats,” by R. K. Narayan appeared, in a somewhat different form, in The New Yorker in.

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A Horse and Two Goats: Stories

University of Chicago Press, In their roles as nurturers and storytellers, woman have been revered because they have kept the culture alive. Narayan stayed in Madras with his grandmother, who read him classic Indian tales and myths from an early age and goays his imagination.

It is an item that he can brag to his friends about and tell them how cheaply he managed to purchase the horse for. It is also interesting that Narayan allows Muni to get the better of the American when he purchases the two goats instead of the horse.

Apr 07, McNatty rated it really liked it. The American, on the other hand, has had the full benefits of jorse American education.

Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. His first novel, Swami naraysn Friends and its successor, The Bachelor of Arts, are both set in the enchanting fictional territory of Malgudi and are only two out of the twelve novels he based the R. Muni had grown up.

Every day, Bby takes the goats out to graze on the scarce grass outside goqts town, while his wife pulls something together for an evening meal. Narain rated it really liked it Jan 18, But life has not been kind to him or to his flocks: India remained a British colony untilwhen a long campaign of peaceful civil disobedience led by Mohandas Gandhi persuaded Britain to return control of the country to its own people. Ramana, in a short section of his Message in Design: They are thin, and the other villagers think he would be better off eating them than moving them back and forth each day.


She works as hard as he does, or harder, getting up at dawn to fix his morning meal, and taking odd jobs at the Big House when their stores are low. He hrose raised a Brahmin, a member of the highest Hindu caste, and he had enjoyed a good education and a life of relative ease.

Under the custom of sati, a woman whose husband died would throw herself onto his funeral pyre and be burned alive, thus showing her utter devotion to him.

As Muni drives his goats out to the statue in the beginning of the story, he reflects on his age. The whole narrative can be seen as a metaphor for when the white man colonised India, not caring about the consequenses for the domestic people He spends the rest of his day crouching in the shade offered by the clay horse, or watching the traffic pass on the highway.

Priya rated it really liked it Sep 29, He tried teaching for a while, but did not last long as a teacher, either.

Narayan is among the best known and most widely read Indian novelists who wrote in English. While this conflict may be painful at times, here he finds it merely amusing. Muni is poor, rural, uneducated, Hindu, brown; the American is wealthy, urban, educated, probably Judeo-Christian, white.

Short Story Analysis: A Horse and Two Goats by R.K. Narayan – The Sitting Bee

The real question is what would Muni do without his wife if she were summoned by God? As a good Hindu, Muni calmly accepts the hand that fate has dealt him, while the American is willing and able to take drastic and sudden action to x his life for example, flying off to India, or throwing away his return plane ticket to transport a horse statue home on a ship.

Nevertheless, it is a tale that perfectly displays his mastery of the short story form. This may be important as Narayan may be highlighting the differences between western and eastern cultures with ahd from a western culture believing they can purchase anything if the price is right.


But poverty has worn her down: Muni interprets the statue: He considers that he has bought the horse, and Muni believes he has just sold his goats. He is not trying to show off; he simply accepts his wealth as his right. When he started out, she would put in his hand a packed lunch, once again the same millet cooked into a little ball, which he could swallow with a raw onion at midday.

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We can also see the clash between materialism and spirutualism. Shilpa das rated it liked it Aug 08, This accounts for the fact that the story has attracted very little critical commentary; however, all of the attention it has drawn has been positive.

Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. Great collection of short stories pertinent to common village life but touching deep within the heart.

A Horse and Two Goats by R. K. Narayan, |

He does, however, have an impressive amount of knowledge of the two major texts of his literary heritage, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, which he has learned by acting in plays and by listening to speakers at the temple. York and commutes from Connecticut, he is dressed in the khaki clothing worn by American tourists in the tropics.

The humor and the irony of this tale lies in the total, benign incomprehension that exists between the two, not only in the way neither understands the other’s language but also in the absolute contrast of their cultural and economic backgrounds, emphasized by the way in which each values the clay horse. Muni owes him five rupees, and although they share a bit of humorous conversation, the shopman will not give him any more.