Cervical ectropion, or cervical ectopy, is when the soft cells (glandular cells) that line the inside of the cervical canal spread to the outer surface of your cervix. Glandular cells are red, so the area may look red. heard it called cervical erosion, but it is now called cervical ectropion or cervical eversion. The cervix, the lower fibromuscular portion of the uterus, measures cm in to the eversion of the columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix, when the cervix . by the columnar epithelium (sometimes referred to as glandular epithelium).

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Unless your symptoms are bothering you, there may not be any reason to treat cervical ectropion.

This leads to the destruction and eventual replacement of the columnar epithelium by dervical newly formed metaplastic squamous epithelium. Consequently, the transformation zone may move partially, and later fully, into the cervical canal. It can also be due to hormonal fluctuations. This leads to the eversion of the columnar epithelium of the lower part of the endocervical canal on to the ectocervix Figure 1.

Cervical ectropion

It is not related to cancer and is not harmful to the baby or the woman if she is pregnant. The reason for these symptoms is that glandular cells are more delicate than epithelial cells. This page was printed from: Squamous metaplasia usually begins at the original squamocolumnar junction at the distal limit of the ectopy, but glnadular may also occur in the columnar epithelium close to this junction or as islands scattered in the exposed columnar epithelium.


That name is not only unsettling, but also misleading. The area may look red because the glandular cells are red.

Cervical ectropion: What you need to know

In this reviewresearchers noted eversjon there is no data to support routine treatment for cervical ectropion. Cervical ectropion is fairly common among women of childbearing age. At its proximal or lower limit, it meets with the squamous epithelium at the squamocolumnar junction.

If you take the contraceptive pill, sometimes switching to a different contraception can help manage a cervical ectropion. This means you are more likely to have it if you are: An introduction to the anatomy of the uterine cervix Colposcopy and treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: Remember, sometimes treatment does not get rid of the symptoms or only gets rid of them for a short time.

Hua X et evedsion. In a very small minority of women, an atypical, dysplastic epithelium may develop.

Groups of mucin-containing columnar cells may be seen embedded in the immature squamous metaplastic epithelium at this stage. This means cervical ectropion may cause:. The soft cells on the inside of the cervix are known as glandular cells, but the medical term for them is columnar epithelium. These cells proliferate producing a reserve cell hyperplasia and eventually form the metaplastic squamous epithelium. Do you have questions about cervical ectropion?

The buried columnar epithelium continues to secrete mucus, which eventually fills and distends the cyst. For all practical purposes, the latter resembles the original stratified squamous epithelium.

Cervical eversion | definition of cervical eversion by Medical dictionary

It is supported by the cardinal and uterosacral ligaments, which stretch between the lateral and posterior portions of the cervix and the walls of the bony pelvis. If symptoms are bothersome, cauterization is usually an effective treatment. Oddly enough, you may not be aware you have it until you visit your gynecologist and have a pelvic examination. The red, inflamed appearance of the cervix in women who have cervical ectropion may look similar to early signs of cervical cancer.


A Pap smear is a screening tool that helps detect abnormal cells and cancer. This process proceeds very rapidly along the lateral walls, and later in the anterior and posterior vaginal walls. For full functionality, it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Cryotherapy, which is also used to reduce swelling, may be used to resolve the symptoms of cervical ectropion.

How deep is a vagina?

Cervical ectropion is not caused by cancer and is not an early symptom of cervical glaneular. During early embryonic life, the cuboidal epithelium of the vaginal tube is replaced by the squamous epithelium, which begins goandular the caudal end of the dorsal urogenital sinus.

The part of the fornix between the cervix and the lateral vaginal walls is called the lateral fornix; the portions between the anterior and posterior walls of the evegsion and the cervix are termed the anterior and posterior fornix, respectively.

However, the cervix of a woman with cervical ectropion may look similar to that of a woman with early-stage cervical cancer. Sometimes a pregnant woman’s existing health conditions can contribute to problems, and other times new conditions arise because of body and hormonal….