The Instruction Dignitas Connubii is the fruit of almost 10 years of work undertaken by the Dicasteries of the Holy See, at the Holy Father’s behest. The purpose. As per Dignitas Connubii, “The dignity of marriage, which between the baptised ‘ is the image of and the participation in the covenant of love between Christ. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Roch Page and others published INSTRUCTION DIGNITAS CONNUBII: CHOSEN QUESTIONS }.

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Indeed, the Roman Rota receives few cases from the tribunals of the second and third instance, that is, fewer than a year. A party who has a procurator is to be informed of citations and communications through that person.

It is advisable that the praeses hear the defender of the bond first. Meanwhile the judge a quo must send the acts in accordance with art. Far from diminishing the responsibility of vonnubii Bishops for the individual tribunals dependent upon them, it seeks with this mission to strengthen and encourage them in a positive way.

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cnnubii It is sufficient that the appellant party signify to the judge a quo that he is filing an appeal. For validity, a tribunal must be collegial in the second or higher grade of trial, in accordance with art. When a decision has been agreed upon, the ponens is to write it in the form of an affirmative or negative response to the doubt proposed, then sign it together with the other judges and attach it to the dossier of the acts.

However, the cases of matrimonial nullity introduced at the tribunals of the Eastern Catholic Churches are also included here. In the first grade of trial, if it happens that a college cannot be formed, the Conference of Bishops, as long as this impossibility persists, dignitws permit a Bishop Moderator to entrust causes connubil a single clerical judge who, when this can be done, is to employ an assessor and an auditor; to the same single judge, unless it is determined otherwise, pertain those things attributed to a college, praeses or ponens cf.

In order that the assistance of experts in causes concerning the incapacities mentioned in can. However, the Apostolic Signatura enjoys the faculty of deciding by decree cases of the nullity of marriage in which the nullity appears evident; but if they require a connnubii detailed study or investigation the Signatura is to remit them to a competent tribunal or another tribunal, if need digniyas, which is to handle the cause according to the ordinary procedure of the law.


Therefore the judge can and must supply for the parties’ negligence in presenting proofs and dingitas exceptions, whenever he deems it necessary in order to avoid an unjust sentence, without prejudice to the requirements of art.

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If a party lacks the use of reason or is of impaired mind, the citations and communications are to be made to the guardian cf. This commitment to seeking the truth must satisfy two fundamental conditions: Widespread secularization, which brings with it erroneous conceptions of marriage compared to the ideal proposed by the Connubij as a result, many marriages today are null, precisely because the faithful exclude from them constitutive elements essential to their existence.

The purpose connnubii the Instruction is very simple: If the defender of the bond offers no response within the brief time limit set by the judge, he is presumed to have nothing to be added to his observations, and it is permitted to go forward.

Those things to be observed in citations and communications Art. The interpretation of statistical data is far from easy. The judicial power enjoyed by judges or judicial colleges is to be exercised in the manner prescribed by law and it may not be delegated except for the purpose of carrying out acts preparatory to some decree or sentence can. The Instruction Dignitas Connubii which we are presenting today is the result of the lengthy endeavour that dignitaz Dicasteries of the Holy See here represented embarked on, at the Holy Father’s explicit request, in If the objection is admitted, the persons must be changed, but not the grade of the connibii can.

Dignitas Connubii

At any point in the trial the auditor can be removed for a just cause by the one who appointed him cf. If a double conforming sentence in a cause of dignitqs nullity of marriage has been passed, there is no possibility for an appeal, but digintas sentence can be challenged at any time before a tribunal of third or higher instance, as long as new and grave proofs or arguments have been brought forward within the peremptory time limit of thirty days from the time the challenge was proposed cf.


Therefore the judge by the same decree must permit the parties and their advocates to examine the acts not yet known to them, without prejudice to art. Particular law can establish other peremptory time limits cf.

On the day assigned for the meeting, the individual judges are to bring their written opinions on the merits of the dginitas, with the reasons both in law and in fact by which they each reached their conclusions cf. For a just xignitas the praeses can replace the ponens with another cf.

The vast majority of these so-called affirmative decisions are then confirmed by the local court of appeal. The progress of the principal cause is also suspended whenever a question must first be resolved on which depends the continuation of the instance or the very resolution of the principal cause.

The judge must weigh the proofs according to his conscience, without prejudice to the prescriptions of the law regarding the efficacy of certain proofs can.

The burden of proof lies on the one making an assertion can. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. The new proofs are to be published, with due observance of artt. Nonetheless, it is expedient that, unless special causes demand it, he not do this personally. A tribunal of second instance is formed in the same way as a tribunal of first instance; but for validity that tribunal must always be collegial cf.

Secretary of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura Instruction provides reliable explanation of the tribunal procedure General considerations on matrimonial causes today The Instruction Dignitas Connubii concerns the approximately diocesan or interdiocesan tribunals of the Latin Church that deal almost connubiii with cases of matrimonial nullity.

AAS 28 Chapter II The ministers of the tribunal 1.