Ammonius, while giving a critique of previous discussions. A significant feature of the situation of Ammonius Saccas, Leiden, ). But this gives rise to some. Ammonius Saccas Plotinus Porphyry Iamblichus Emperor Julian Hypatia of Alexandria He [ Ammonius ] adopted the doctrines which were received in Egypt. Ammonius Saccas (Greek: Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς; fl. 3rd century AD) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who is often referred to as one of.

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He speaks truly of the industry and learning of the man, but plainly utters a falsehood for what will not an opposer of Christians do? One way to explain much of the confusion concerning Ammonius is to assume that there were two people called Ammonius: Ammonius was a charismatic teacher.

F ragments left from Porphyry ‘s book entitled, Against the Christiansgive details about the life and teachings of Ammonius. Porphyry and Plotinus both indicate that Ammonius left no written works. To add to the confusion, it seems that Ammonius had two pupils called Origen: I refer to Origen, who is highly honored by the teachers of these doctrines.

These things are said by Porphyry in the third book of his work against the Christians.

As an example of this absurdity take a man whom I met when I was young, and who was then greatly celebrated and still is, on account of the writings which he has left. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In his twenty-eighth year he [Plotinus] felt the impulse to study philosophy and was recommended to the teachers ammknius Alexandria who then had the highest reputation; but he came away from their lectures so depressed and full of sadness that he told his trouble to one of his friends.

At twenty-seven he [Plotinus] was caught by the passion for philosophy: There seems no reason, therefore, to doubt that Eusebius is here referring to the Christian philosopher.

He was undoubtedly the biggest influence on Plotinus in his development of Qmmoniusalthough little is known about his own philosophical views. Porphyry seems to suggest that Ammonius was instrumental in helping Plotinus think about philosophy in new ways:.


Ammonius Saccas – Encyclopedia

Blavatsky had a profound interest in both Neoplatonism and Gnosticism and both subjects are still studied by Theosophical groups around the world. He [ Ammonius ] adopted the doctrines which were received in Egypt concerning the Universe and the Deity, considered as constituting one great whole; concerning the eternity of the world, the nature of souls, the empire of Providence and the government of the world by daimons.

However, the Christian historian Eusebius A. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk am,onius.

Ammonius Saccas

Two of Ammonius’s students – Origen the Paganand Longinus – seem to have held philosophical positions which were closer to Middle Platonism than Neoplatonism, which perhaps suggests that Ammonius’s doctrines were also closer to those of Middle Platonism than the Neoplatonism developed by Plotinus see the Enneadsbut Plotinus does not seem to have thought that he was departing in any significant way from that of his master.

I have urged that Ammonius was an independent thinker who, though a Safcas, had a weaker commitment to Plato than most of his contemporary Platonists and hence was uninterested in interschool polemics.

I have no opinion re the writing of any books, although I note that Pythagoreans were not supposed to put their more important teachings into writing. Hierocleswriting in the 5th century, states that Ammonius’ fundamental doctrine was that Plato and Aristotle were in full agreement with each other: He was then thirty-eight, for he had passed eleven entire years under Ammonius.

Ammonius Saccas – Encyclopedia

His works yet extant show this, as he is celebrated among many for the writings which he has left. The friend, understanding the desire of his heart, sent him to Ammonius, whom he had not so far tried.

Retrieved from ” https: In order to reconcile the popular religions, and particularly the Christian, with this new system, he made the whole history of the heathen gods an allegory, maintaining that they were only celestial ministers entitled to an inferior kind of worship; and he acknowledged that Jesus Christ was an excellent man and the friend of God, but alleged that it was not his design entirely to abolish the worship of demons, and that his only intention was to purify the ancient religion.


Later Christian writers stated that Ammonius was a Christian, but it is now generally assumed that there was a different Ammonius of Alexandria who wrote biblical texts.

Ammonius Saccas | Neoplatonic philosopher |

Origen was a Christian but Plotinus was not. Zeller, “Ammonius Saccas and Plotinus,” Arch. According to Porphyry, the parents of Ammonius were Christiansbut upon learning Greek philosophy, Ammonius rejected his parents’ religion for paganism. He seems to have been able to form a mystical syncretism of Plato with Indian and Egyptian philosophies and theologies. AlexandriaRoman Egypt.

Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to PorphyryPage His father Hermeias came from Alexandria, and Ammonius inherited the chair of philosophy at Alexandria from him. Both men were philosophers of the highest level; however; Hoffer wrote mostly about social issues while Ammonius mostly taught metaphysics. Arcesilaus Lacydes Telecles Evander Hegesinus. Focusing on the underlying thought behind the texts, Ammonius left aside doctrines forged by later philosophers, points of detail, and also certain flaws of the philosophers themselves, and reached an understanding of Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy as a whole, concluding that their basic doctrines are essentially the same.

The Neoplatonist school of philosophy and Christianity, were diametrically opposed and constantly at war with one another, during the third, fourth and fifth centuries. According to Nemesiusa bishop and Neoplatonist c.

For the author of the early Gospel synopsis please see Ammonius of Alexandria. However, we are told by Longinus that Ammonius wrote nothing, [5] and if Ammonius was the principal sacfas on Plotinus, then it is unlikely that Ammonius would have been a Christian. Accordingly, we have no direct evidence of his philosophical beliefs. But Origen, having been educated as a Greek in Greek literature, went over to the barbarian recklessness.